[What you need to know to start the day: Get New York Today in your inbox.]

They brainstorm in conference rooms equipped with whiteboards, use high-end computers and equipment and are given free breakfast and lunch.

Except these are no start-up workers.

They are students at an unusual New York City public high school embedded inside a technology and manufacturing hub with more than 400 companies at the Brooklyn Navy Yard. It was developed with industry leaders to teach real-life job skills that would lay the foundation for the next generation of workers in a city where the tech industry is flourishing with the expanding presence of Google and Amazon’s plans to build a large campus in Queens.

While classrooms in New York and elsewhere have increasingly focused on preparing children for jobs in a tech economy, the recently opened school, Brooklyn STEAM Center, has taken it one step further by locating itself next to companies where students might actually work. It is one of only a handful of programs in the country that are situated in a workplace.

“Our ambition is that it will be a next-generation model for career and technical schools here in New York City,” said David Ehrenberg, the president and chief executive officer of the Brooklyn Navy Yard Development Corporation, a nonprofit that manages the city-owned, 300-acre waterfront site where battleships, like the U.S.S. Missouri, were once built.

The Navy Yard already has an on-site job center, but Mr. Ehrenberg said the school will help ensure that more local residents have the necessary technical skills and training for the jobs being created there.

The program offers students a chance to show what they can do. “Instead of learning on paper — and maybe you forget it, and maybe you don’t — you put your hands into the work,” Jordan Gomes, 16, said.

On Tuesday, the schools chancellor, Richard A. Carranza, and other city leaders will officially open the school’s $17 million home at the Navy Yard, about two weeks after students moved in.

The STEAM Center — standing for science, technology, engineering, arts and math — grew out of a pilot program to increase career and technical education opportunities among Brooklyn high school students. Today, 221 juniors and seniors spend half the day at other high schools taking required academic classes, and the other half at the center specializing in one of five tracks: design and engineering; computer science and information technology; film and media; construction technology; and culinary arts and hospitality management.

The students apply to the center and are selected by their high schools. There is no minimum required grade point average or test score. About 93 percent of the students are black or Hispanic, and 74 percent are poor enough to qualify for free or reduced lunch.

The center is the latest evolution of vocational schools that once served as a pipeline for blue-collar industries, but have increasingly embraced technology and academic skills to prepare students for emerging jobs in fields such as health care, engineering and information technology. Many schools now partner with local businesses and industries, but few are based at workplaces.

Alisha Hyslop, the director of public policy for the Association for Career and Technical Education, said a fashion and marketing program is taught inside a Virginia shopping mall, while another program covering energy industry jobs is based at an Arizona utility company. These experiences have “tremendous potential to strengthen connections between the education that happens in the classroom and what happens in the real world,” she said.

In New York, the STEAM Center is one of only two schools at a workplace; the other, Aviation High School, offers classes at LaGuardia Airport. “We’re certainly looking for more opportunities for our students to be as close to the industries they are studying as possible,” said Phil Weinberg, the Education Department’s deputy chief academic officer for teaching and learning.

Citywide, there are 301 career and technical programs — 47 opened in the last three years. In total, the programs enroll about 64,000 students and train them for careers ranging from software engineer to harbor master.

Still, some educators and parents have raised concerns that such highly specialized programs are a form of tracking that can lead students to focus too early on a particular job or career and be steered away from college.

David C. Bloomfield, a professor of educational leadership, law and policy at Brooklyn College and the CUNY Graduate Center, said the STEAM Center needed to be thoroughly vetted by parents, independent industry experts and college representatives to ensure that it puts the needs of students over employers.